Women's Health | Ovarian Cancer

May 05 , 2021

Fluid Fitness

Women's Health | Ovarian Cancer

What Is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer is abnormal cell growth in the ovaries, located in the woman’s pelvis, where egg cells (ova) are produced.  Because of its central location in the pelvis, there can be a wide variety of causes and symptoms.  It can be diagnosed through pelvic exams, imaging scans, blood tests, and surgeries.

 

Types of Ovarian Cancer

  • Epithelial ovarian cancer – the most common type. It comes from the surface cells of the ovaries
  • Germ cell ovarian cancer – this type comes from sex cells produced by the ovaries (more common in women in their 20s and 30s)
  • Stromal cell ovarian cancer – this type comes from the connective tissue surrounding the ovaries
  • Small cell carcinoma (borderline) – this type is extremely rare and the origin of the cancer is unclear

 

Risk Factors for Ovarian Cancer

  • Older age (the risk increases as we age)
  • precocious puberty and early-onset menopause
  • Family history of ovarian, breast, colorectal cancers
  • Family Cancer Syndrome (mutated genes passed down generations)
  • Obesity and weight issues
  • Having Children at over 35 or having preterm babies (no experience with full-term delivery)
  • Ovarian Cysts
  • Pre-existing issues with the colon, intestines
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal therapies and fertility treatments
  • Birth control

 

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

  • Bloating, feeling full quickly after eating
  • Constipation
  • Increased urinary urgency and frequency
  • Back pain
  • Painful sex
  • Irregular and/or painful menstrual cycles/spotting
  • Pelvic pain
  • Weight loss or gain

 

Treatments for Ovarian Cancer

  • Chemotherapy (localized and targeted or more generalized for more advanced stages)
  • Surgery
  • Clinical trials

 

References

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovarian-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/types/ovarian

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20375941

https://ocrahope.org/patients/about-ovarian-cancer/types-ovarian-cancer/

Related Posts

Vulnerability
Vulnerability
Showing vulnerability is a display of inner strength, but the walls we have built up also illustrate strength — they ...
Read More
Unrealistic Expectations and Self-Absorption
Unrealistic Expectations and Self-Absorption
Unrealistic Expectations and Self-Absorption We all have those moments where we want something so much that unrealist...
Read More
Uncertainty
Uncertainty
We often think in absolutes. Life is this way. Life is that way. Although it limits our perspective, there’s comfort ...
Read More